Historic photograph of Washington, taken from inside the Iron Mountain Tunnel
Mount Rushmore National Memorial Information
Mount Rushmore, also known as the Shrine of Democracy, is a National Monument and Memorial depicting four of the most prominent presidents of the first 150 years of the United States - George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, and Thomas Jefferson. Mount Rushmore was carved into South Dakotas Black Hills from 1927 to 1941 under the direction of sculptor Gutzon Borglum. The project took a team of 400 drillers and assistant carvers fourteen years to complete. Over 800 million pounds of stone were removed using dynamite, detailed drilling, and finishing processes.