The Supreme Council of Antiquities is the Government Body, in Egypt, concerned with - and responsible for - all aspects of running the Cultural Heritage of the Country; being in charge of its welfare, management, protection, conservation, preservation, exhibiting, documentation, research and media presentation. The support services for these tasks are undertaken by six Sectors; which cover all administrative, financial, legal, technical, engineering and scientific needs. The Six SCA Sectors are: The General Secretariat Sector, The Egyptian (Pharaonic) and Graeco-Roman Antiquities Sector, The Coptic and Islamic Antiquities Sector, The Antiquities and Museum Financial Support Fund Sector, The General Projects Sector and The Museums Sector.
The highest SCA authority is the Administrative Council (Board), which acts as a Governing Body. The President of the Council is the Minister for Culture; who is the sole legal representative of SCA. The Heads of the Six Sectors form the executive core of the Administrative Council; as Permanent Members (ex officio; by virtue of their office). The Head of the General Secretariat Sector; i.e. the General Secretary, acts as the Executive Head of SCA: in running its every day functions, and directing all Sector operations and activities; with the other Sector Heads working under his direct supervision.
The establishment of a Government Body in charge of Egypt's Cultural Heritage goes back to the year of 1859. Such body initially assumed the name (title) of The Department of Antiquities (under the Ministries of Public Works, Education, National Guidance and Culture; Respectively); which is the title it retained until 1971, when it acquired the new name of "The Egyptian Antiquities Organization; or EAO". The latter was transformed into the present Supreme Council of Antiquities; by virtue of the Presidential Decree Number 82 of the year 1994.