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Broken colossus of Ramses II in First Court, Main Temple

First Court Information

The Ramesseum's ornamentation in the first court demonstrates the Egyptians' sophisticated techniques for working stone. Depictions of the king's wars against the Hittites in Syria, known as the Battle of Kadesh, serve as a backdrop for the pillars of the inner court. The outer pillars are tall figures of the king in the guise of Osiris, the god of the underworld and of fertility. The first inner court once housed a colossus (gigantic statue) of Ramesses that was more than 55 meters high and weighed about 1,000 tons. The public could access the courtyard on festival days to witness the grandeur of the Egyptian empire.

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