Aerial photo of Thebes Ramesseum
Ancient Thebes Information
Ancient Thebes is located along the Nile River, occupying both the east and west banks within the bounds of modern Luxor, and is located 725km (450mi) south of present-day Cairo. The site was relatively small until the First Intermediate Period under rulership of the New Kingdom, during which a line of powerful governors in the XVIII (18th) and XIX (19th) Dynasties made Thebes an important administrative center. The Ramesseum, commissioned by Pharaoh Ramesses II during the 13th century BC, is widely considered to be one of the grandest surviving architectural expressions of the New Kingdom's imperial might.